Medical emergencies can be extremely frightening if you’re unaware of what they mean or how to deal with them. Acting quickly and correctly in a medical emergency is very important and can highly impact the outcome it has on the situation. The general rule in medical emergencies is even if you’re stressed and want to panic, is to not panic. It’s very important to keep a clear mind if you’re the one who’s administering first aid as you have to be calm to do so. Here we have compiled some of the most common medical emergencies and what your best actions are in the case of them.
The most common cause of burns is your skin coming into contact with an object that’s charged with an electric current, chemical burns, or dry heat such as fires. You can tell if someone is burnt as their skin will become red and may even blister. There are 3 different degrees of burns depending on how badly the skin is damaged, 3rd degree being the worst and requiring the most attention and treatments. If you or someone you’re with is suffering from a burn try to avoid touching it as best you can, not even to apply lotion which is a common mistake. Cover the burn with a sterile material and bandage the area. If someone is badly burnt, they will need to be taken to the hospital to receive treatment so it’s not advisable to give them any medication as it could interfere with the anesthesia.
There and many reasons for dental emergencies but as a general guide to handling dental emergencies, it’s always common advice to rinse your mouth out with warm water no matter what the emergency. Different issues require different responses, for example, if you or someone you were with was to chip a tooth it’s important to save the pieces and apply a cold compress to the mouth and surrounding area. If a tooth was to fall out then you should try to put it back in without forcing it, if it can’t go back in then leave it in a container of milk and make an emergency appointment. That is also the general rule, many dental emergencies can’t be handled at home like other medical emergencies so if you’re unsure then it’s best to see a dentist as soon as possible.
If you or someone you are with is suffering from heatstroke then make sure you remove yourself/them from the heat straight away, remove any clothing that you can, and try and cool them down. If you’re in a house the best way to do this is to run a cold bath and sit in it, if this is not available to you then a sponge with cold water is a good alternative. Damp sheets, ice packs, and fan mist will all also work. Heatstroke causes dehydration so ensure that you or the person who is suffering from heatstroke drinks lots of water to re-hydrate themselves, this will help them recover from the heatstroke faster too.
Fractures are extremely common injuries; a fracture is not as bad as a break so does not require as much treatment. The symptoms of a fracture are pain, swelling, and tenderness, etc. Treat the fracture as soon as possible, stay calm as you’ll need to support the area of the swelling, and wrap it with bandages. Be careful not to wrap the bandage too tight as it could restrict blood flow. Usually, fractures don’t require medical attention.